Sometimes called "PRS",
"Long Range Precision".
"Tactical Precision" or "Sniper Rifle Match".
Here in Arizona we have the AZLRPS group with a great monthly shoot at
Cowtown and RSSC HP division hosts a smaller monthly match at Rio
Salado called "4 Peaks Tactical". I see some matches at GunSite in
PRS is probably the fastest growing
shooting sport of this decade (remember when cowboy action claimed that
title in the 90's?).
I've only shot it a few times, I am far
from being an expert, so I'll just add some notes here and invite the
interested reader to research it further.
Basically the sport stresses first shot
hits from non-standard, often awkward, positions at non-standard,
sometimes unstated, distances under time pressure. Targets are almost
always steel, sometimes plastic, I think electrically-reactive targets
are sometimes used.
I think most matches are scored by
Course of fire seems to follow the
practical shooting type of format with a number of scenarios and the
shooters divided into groups (called squads? or ?) who move together
from stage to stage, at each stage, one shooter at a time shoots,
someone runs the clock, someone watches/listens for hits.
Each stage usually has some scenario or
expected shots to be fire from a firing point, maybe more than one
firing point, usually several target to engage, and usually a stated,
but small, number of shots and a short time window (a minute or 2, or
less?). In that time, one must get into position, find the targets,
range them, find them in the scope, adjust the elevation, guess the
hold-off for wind and fire the shots. Go watch some youtube videos to
get a better understanding than I can give.
Nearly all the major Rifle makers are
trying to find there way into this market.
A hunting rifle that is light enough to
comfortably carry on a hunt, with a skinny little barrel simply is not
satisfactory for PRS (or F-class). it hard to hold a light rifle still
and the skinny barrel heats up too much with a competition string of
shots. Don't even consider using your hunting rifle.
So look for the "Tactical" bolt action
The more serious shooters often use rifles
built custom with a chosen action, barrel, stock, trigger etc,
sometimes the action itself is from the small-shop custom makers
(Surgeon, Impact, Defiance, BAT, AI, Gunwerks....) that make actions
and entire rifles.
You can also get by with a semi auto,
something on an AR15 or AR10 platform.
As I understand it, 10X is the minimum for
a fixed scope or the lowest tolerable max for a variable.
Must have big target knobs, you will be
adjusting the elevation at every stage, possibly more than once. The
mechanics MUST be very repeatable and rugged to last! You might not
adjust windage as much especially the scopes that have "mil dots" for
windage allowing for hold off.
Most current generation scopes are 30mm,
you will need rings strong enough to hold a big heavy scope the right
distance for eye relief.
MOA or Mils, that is your preference. 1
MOA (minute of angle) is very close to 1" at 100yds. 1/10
Mil(milliradian) is 1cm at 100m. (about 3/8"/100yds) Make sure your
ballistic charts/apps are set for the same units as your scope.
Honestly I cannot give any useful advice,
start looking at websites that specialize in this sport!
Buy or load with Match Bullets, pick the
ones that work best in your rifle. You can experiment with bullet style
(tipped or BTHP/HPBT) bullet weight etc.
but what caliber? Well, you may be limited
by the gun you get, it might only be available in .308, 6.5 Creedmoor
and maybe a coupla other calibers. Scanning some websites, it looks
like the various 6mm are most popular, then some 6.5mm.... .308 doesn't
even make the list.
OK, wild guess from the Service Rifle
shooter as to what to get for one getting into this sport:
Ruger Precision rifle in 6.5 Creedmoor
with some <$1000 Vortex Viper scope . Use factory ammo from any big
name vendor that shoots good in your rifle.
I don't shoot this sport enough to really
know. I'm guessing:
ear & eye protection of course
elbow & knee pads maybe,
Bipod (harris or?)
a few spare magazines
and/or side carrier for a few extra rounds
a shooting mat,
some kinda fore-end bag
some rear bag.
Maybe a range finder.
Maybe a Kestrel (don't get the cheap
knockoff versions at Midway)
ballistic charts or phone app.
a little do-hicky to attach your scope
setting info to your rifle during the stage. "Dope Card Holder"